Page 15 - Iran with Fatemeh
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 Zahedi Dates
Zahedi dates are yellow gold to light brown in colour, short, oval, thick and elongated in shape with narrow, sharp ends. Having less than 14% moisture, Zahedi dates are categorized as dry. Zahedi dates also contain less sugar and so are recommended for people with diabetes. Their shelf life at room temperature is more than 12 months under interim fumigation.
Piarom Dates
With a large, thin dark brown skin Piarom dates are widely considered as the most delicious of all semi-dry date varieties.
Piarom palms are grown mainly on mountain slopes, are usually fertilized with organic manure and no chemicals are used during their crop storage stage. With a moisture level of less than 15% Piarom dates are sweet and, with fructose as the predominant sugar, they are easily and quickly consumed via the metabolism of the body. Accordingly, they are, like Zahedia dates, recommended to people suffering from diabetes. Piarom dates ripen late and are of high quality. They are regarded as the most delicious semi-dry dates in Iran. Their room temperature shelf life is about 18 months under interim fumigation.
Rabbi Dates
Semi-dry and semi-soft Rabbi dates are dark brown color and long in size and are becoming more popular around the world.
With a moisture level of 15% (maximum), their shelf life at room temperature is about 12 months under interim fumigation.
Mazafati Dates
The most popular variety in Iran, Mazafati dates are dark in colour and soft, fleshy and sweet. They are of medium size - about 2.5–4.5 cm (1–2 in) with a relatively high moisture content of between 15-30 %, varying according to the time of harvest and the location of the grove. They are the most common variety for fresh consumption. Based on its moisture level, they are categorized into three types: Fresh (Moisture level between 18-30 %); Semi Dry (Moisture level between 15-19%) and Dry (Moisture level is max.
16%). Mazafati dates can be kept for two years at a temperature of −5 °C (23 °F) or one year at 0–5 °C (32–41 °F). Depending on the variety, harvesting starts takes place between August and the end of October.
Mazafati dates account for around 20% of Iran' s total export of dates. Approximately 120,000 tons are harvested each year. Mazafati date palms can stay in production for over 60 years.
Kabkab Date
Grown in the southern part of Iran, mainly in Bushehr province, Kabkab dates are a fresh variety, brown in color with a soft texture and a moisture level less than 20%. Shelf life is 12 months in a temperature of 0-4 °C.
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